1.Margaret Mead believed that as cofigurative cultures changed at a faster rate, they would eventually be replaced by prefigurative cultures. In your own words, what does it mean to live in a prefigurative culture? Hypothetically, if Canada eventually became a prefigurative culture describe 3 changes that you might expect to occur to our current educational system and explain why you think those 3 changes would result from living in a prefigurative culture.
2.The reminiscence bump describes the fact that experiences from adolescence are typically recalled more than experiences at other stages of life. In lecture we discussed an article by Janssen and Murre (2008) which showed that the reminiscence bump is unexplained by novelty, emotionality, valence, or importance of personal events. From what you learned in our class, why do you think the reminiscence bump occurs? Please outline your hypothesis. Then design an experiment which could test your hypothesis. Be sure to include the independent variable(s) of interest, dependent variable(s) and clear methods including participants, materials, and expected results.
3.Kisspeptin is critically important in stimulating the onset of puberty.
a) Please describe the nature of the relationship between kisspeptin and melatonin. What are the impacts of this association for individuals exposed to a significant amount of artificial light (on pubertal timing)? What are the impacts of this association for individuals who live close to the equator (on pubertal timing)?
b) Synthetic forms of Kisspeptin have been produced (e.g. Decourt et al., 2016). With delayed puberty being a fairly common pediatric disorder, do you think that synthetic Kisspeptin should be used as a therapeutic strategy among this population to speed up pubertal timing? Why or why not? (Please substantiate your response using the information that you have learned in this course). (NOTE: most often in cases of delayed puberty, puberty simply develops at a later time – referred to in our class notes as ‘late bloomers’)
4.In her theory of Parenting Styles, Diana Baumrind proposed that parents differ along 2 critical dimensions: Levels of Demand and Degree of Responsiveness. Please propose 2 additional dimensions that you believe are critically important to consider when evaluating parental style. Based upon what you have learned throughout the course, how would adolescent development outcomes differ depending upon where parents fall along those 2 additional dimensions?